From Memphis to Vicksburg, the Mississippi Delta serves up much more than the blues
From the car window, the Mississippi Delta can appear desolate for miles. Pancake-flat fields of cotton, corn, and soybeans stretch clear to the horizon without a farmhouse or farm animal in sight. Every blip on this stark study of soil and sky stands out: a murky bayou shrouded in moss-draped cedar, a hulking pile of wrecked and rusted cars, the rotted remains of a long-abandoned shack.
Eventually these two-lane blacktops lead you to some dusty hard-luck town with buildings so old and crumbly they appear as if they might go up in flames any second. Yet cars and trucks are parked out front of one of those sad-looking façades and people are heading inside.
Tentatively you follow suit. Through the door, you feel as if it you’ve crashed a boisterous party where the beer and sweet tea are ice cold, the food made fresh and spiced right, and the music playing from a vintage jukebox upbeat. Social anxieties about being a stranger quickly subside when a server greets you with the warmth and enthusiasm of a long lost friend. Ask her for a recommendation and she will effuse about Miss So-and-So’s magic touch with the turnip greens, the hot tamales handmade by a local legend, the pimento cheese everyone says is the best in the land, or the pulled pork barbecue smoked all day and slathered in Paw-Paw’s barbecue sauce, its recipe known only to next of kin.
While you wait—and given the general languid pace of life in the Delta, you’d best be prepared to—you can pass the time by soaking up the sights and sounds around you. In most Delta establishments, every inch of wall space oozes with history: of the region, the community, the family who’s owned the place for generations. Rare is the Delta restaurant that doesn’t have at least one piece of taxidermy displayed in some prominent spot; Deltans of every age and gender anticipate the openings of dove hunting and deer hunting seasons with the eagerness of Thanksgiving and Christmas. Family photos, sports trophies, high school yearbook portraits, rusty artifacts turned into art, and yellowed newspaper clippings of hometown news events dominate the rest of the wall space. The buildings themselves, no matter how decrepit, are regarded with the affection of a living, breathing relative. Every crack in the wall, warp in a floorboard, and water spot on the ceiling has a story, and if you are curious to know it, just ask the owner or chef—who’s probably chitchatting with other customers in between trips to the kitchen and will soon be swinging by your table to greet you.
Before you depart, you will likely have exchanged portions of your life stories, and succumbed to your urge for that wedge of lemon icebox pie piled high with meringue that beckoned you from the glass case behind the counter. You drive away feeling a pants size or two larger than when you arrived yet hungry for more details about the place you just left and the people you just met.
Digging Deep in the Delta
This is the excuse I give whenever I try to explain to friends why the culinary guidebook to the Delta I planned to knock out in about six months in 2009 turned into a four-year odyssey, with more trips to the Delta from my home in Decatur, Georgia, than I can count. Every plate lunch café, hot tamale stand, juke joint, tea room, homegrown bistro, community festival, and private function took me on an unexpected detour into this strange and storied floodplain that’s so close to the state capital of Jackson, where I grew up, yet in so many ways a world apart.
I first set foot in the Delta when I was a freshman at Ole Miss and my boyfriend brought me home to meet his family in the cotton town of Greenwood. That’s where I first tasted pompano—a delicate-fleshed fish served primarily near the Gulf where it is caught, a few hundred miles downriver from Greenwood.
Some thirty years later, I would happily learn that the restaurant where I had that pompano—Lusco’s—still broils it in the tangy butter sauce made according to the same secret recipe they’ve followed since Prohibition. And better yet, they still serve it, along with wondrous steaks and a roster of Italian-flavored specialties, in private curtained rooms—a throwback to the days when Papa Lusco sold his homemade hooch to cotton planters who knew the secret password to enter. Sometimes they would arrive after a steamboat trip to New Orleans bearing fresh Gulf ingredients they couldn’t get at home and ask the Lusco wives to prepare it for them while they drank, gambled, and conducted their private affairs. That’s how pompano became a fixture on the menu once alcohol became legal and the grocery store morphed into a restaurant with private rooms for every customer.
The mercantile-turned-restaurant just celebrated its eightieth anniversary this year and remains a testament to the Delta’s dining culture, which stands strong even as much of the rest of the region crumbles around it. Lusco’s is one of the Delta’s most famous eating institutions that can make this claim, but there are dozens of other representatives in nearly every town between Memphis and Vicksburg, where the Delta officially begins and ends. Bordered by the Mississippi River to the west and a ridgeline of bluffs to the east, the land that birthed the blues has never had it easy. Scars left by war, floods, killer mosquitoes, racial strife, boll weevil blight, and far more economic busts than booms run deep. Yet to those whose heritage is bound by this distinct geography, it is home, and their love for it—and each other—is palpable in the places where they gather to eat and drink. They are enthusiastic cooks who take pride in what they make and love to share it—and their stories—with people they’ve known forever, and have met for the first time.
This is what I savor most about my journeys into the Delta. And why I keep looking for excuses to return for yet another helping.
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